AI Industrial Complex: The Challenge of AI Ethics
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming an intrinsic part of numerous technological advances, as seen in such domains as autonomous systems, data analytics, financial systems, social media applications, and so on. Interested parties have demonstrated various reactions to the explosive growth of AI technologies and their implications. Let’s take a look at multiple sides of the AI ethics discussion.
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Prominent researchers signed and published an open letter expressing concern in 2015. The principal concern expressed was regarding the possibility of malicious use of autonomous weapons controlled by AI decision-making without human intervention. Recently, concerned AI engineers and scientists have requested that the United Nations (UN) regulate the use of such weapons. An additional concern is that AI might surpass human expectations and limits and eventually view the human race as a “problem” to be solved—or even eradicated.
Those Less Concerned
Other experts believe that we are a long way off from any of the dangers that critics and concerned scientists propose. They believe the dangers are exaggerated and that the benefits far outweigh the possible concerns. Interestingly, however, members of this camp do not entirely dismiss all the misgivings of those who are more concerned about the future of AI. For example, famed futurist Ray Kurzweil agrees that AI will soon surpass human intelligence, but he proposes that humans use it to augment their own capabilities.
The Realm of AI Ethics
Members of both camps can usually agree that some regulations need to be established for the ethical development and use of AI technologies. Some of the issues that may need to be addressed are:
- Ownership. Numerous companies are developing AI technologies. Who will own the rights to whatever AI algorithms are developed in the future?
- Use. What will AI be used for? There are concerns that AI can be improperly used to discriminate, violate privacy, perpetrate crime, or manipulate government.
- Protection. How can AI be regulated fairly and protected from compromise? And how will laws and regulations be standardized internationally?
As we contemplate the future of AI, IEEE invites you to download and read the complete article, “AI Industrial Complex: The Challenge of AI Ethics” by Ahmad-Reza Sadeghi, Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Security & Privacy Magazine.